End-of-Life Culture Care Practices among Yup’ik Eskimo
Pam Embler, PhD, RN
Sandra J. Mixer, PhD, RN, CTN-A
Mary Gunther, PhD, RN

Use this link to download article: http://ojccnh.org/v5n1a3

Suggested APA 6th Edition Formatted Reference
Embler, P., Mixer, S. J., & Gunther, M. (2015). End-of-life culture care practices among Yup’ik Eskimo. Online Journal of Cultural Competence in Nursing and Healthcare, 5(1), 36-49. doi:10.9730/ojccnh.org/v5n1a3


The process of dying and end-of-life care (EOLC) desired is unique within the cultural context of individuals, families, and communities. No research was found that examined culturally con- gruent Yup’ik Eskimo EOLC.

The purpose of this research was to discover culture care expressions, meanings, patterns, and practices at end of life among Yup’ik in community settings in the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta of Alaska.

Guided by the culture care theory, using ethnonursing methodology, 23 Yup’ik and non- Yup’ik community members participated in open-ended interviews. Qualitative criteria with participant con rmation of patterns and themes ensured rigor.

Findings and Discussion
Data supported three themes and evidence-based recommendations for culturally congruent EOLC. Findings can help nurses and healthcare providers meet the care needs of Yup’ik persons, families, and communities at end of life and may be useful for other cultural groups, speci cally those in rural settings with limited healthcare resources who desire to live out their days and die in their home community.

Keywords: end-of-life care, qualitative, Culture Care Theory, ethnonursing research method, Yup’ik

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